Stem cell therapy has become one of the most talked about topic in the medical industry lately. Although this modern innovation has already made successful treatments to patients all over the world, there are still mysteries that enshroud it. The process of this therapy is quite simple to understand. The treatment has even become much easier to perform with the invention of new equipment to assist in the process. In order to understand how it works, it is important to understand what stem cells are in the first place.
Stem Cells in the Body
The stem cell is basically responsible for the natural regenerative ability of the human body to restore damaged cells and tissues back to their original state. An embryonic stem cell is one of the most active stem cells produced by the human body but it is only present in an embryo. Embryonic cells are clearly observed in a microscope but they are very mysterious when they are injected to the body. Many controversies about how embryonic stem cells are used are still the reason why they are not fully accepted in traditional treatment centers.
The stem cells that can be found other than embryos are called adult stem cells. Bodily tissues inside the body usually contain adult stem cells that aids in regeneration in case of damages. The use of stem cell therapy is already legal in all places but their availability is still limited to certain regions in the country. Although adult stem cells can be acquired from many parts of the body, the most useful ones are usually found inside the bone marrow, brain tissues, and muscle fibers. It is said that of all the human tissues, the most dominant source of adult stem cells is from fats. When the body accepts the stem cells, the outcome of the this stem cell treatment becomes evident in just a matter of days.
Stem Cell Types
The three major categories of stem cells are allogenic, autologous, and xenogenic. Autologous stem cells are simply the stem cells that are gathered from animals. The human body does not normally reject autologous stem cells which is why they are the most ideal to use in surgeries and transplants. Allogenic stem cells are categorized as those that are harvested from the same species, in which case human to human. Therapies using this kind of stem cells are considered the safest due to the compatibility of stem cell markers. Xenogenic is a term used to describe stem cells that come from a distinct species to the receiver. You might think that xenogenic stem cells have less likelihood of survival than other types but they actually have high chances of acceptance to the host body. If you want to know more about how stem cell therapy works, you should speak with your physician or research online.